Prompt Injection Attack leading to running arbitrary code execution in🤯


2 min read

Prompt Injection Attack leading to running arbitrary code execution in🤯

Major Security Flaw in Vanna.AI: Urgent Attention Needed

Overview of the Vulnerability

A critical vulnerability, identified as CVE-2024-5565, has been discovered in Vanna.AI, posing significant security risks. This flaw allows remote code execution (RCE) via prompt injection, exploiting the "ask" function to execute arbitrary commands instead of the intended SQL queries. This vulnerability compromises the integrity and confidentiality of databases interfacing with Vanna.AI.

Technical Details

The core of the issue lies in the AI's processing of user inputs. The following diagram shows the flow of the prompt while using the visualize feature :

The flow of a prompt while using the visualize feature

Source: Jfrog blog

Attackers can manipulate these inputs to run malicious commands, thereby gaining unauthorized access to sensitive data. This method of attack, known as prompt injection, takes advantage of the AI's lack of stringent input validation and sandboxing, enabling the execution of harmful code.

The Code Successfully Running on the OS

Source: Code Execution

Impact and Implications

The potential impact of this vulnerability is severe. With the ability to execute arbitrary commands, attackers can access, modify, or delete critical data, disrupt business operations, and potentially cause widespread data breaches. This highlights the crucial need for robust security measures in AI deployments, especially those handling sensitive information.

  • Organizations using Vanna.AI are urged to take immediate action to mitigate this risk. Key steps include:

    • Conducting Periodic Risk Assessment: Utilize MLSecured to perform periodic comprehensive risk assessments of your AI applications. This will help understand risk profiles and uncover any vulnerabilities.

    • Deploying AI Firewalls: Implement MLSecured’s AI Firewall to monitor and protect AI systems from injection attacks and other malicious activities.


The discovery of this vulnerability in Vanna.AI serves as a stark reminder of the importance of security in AI systems. By taking proactive measures to strengthen defenses, organizations can protect their data and maintain the trust of their stakeholders.